Microfoam Sclerotherapy

Microfoam Sclerotherapy is a non-invasive treatment aimed at chemically ablating (destroying) the Varicose Veins. The sclerosant used in the procedure reacts with the endothelial lining of the veins and leads to their closure and subsequent fibrosis. It is a cost–effective and safe treatment.

Everything about Microfoam Sclerotherapy

How does Microfoam Sclerotherapy work?

Sclerosants chemicals have the ability to react with the endothelial lining of the vein wall & leads to their closure. These sclerosants cause destruction of the venous wall & subsequently the body absorbs the fibrosed wall. Intravenous access required to inject the microfoam into the varicose veins. It is obtained with the help of catheters & needles.

What are the advantages of Microfoam Sclerotherapy?

Because of the nature of the foam in Microfoam Sclerotherapy, it is able to ablate all kinds of varicose veins, big & small. None of the other treatment modalities are able to do as effectively ablate the smaller varicose veins. These smaller varicose veins are responsible for all the morbidity & skin changes that occur in patients.

Are you the right candidate for Microfoam Sclerotherapy ?

During your consultation, the doctor will assess your varicose veins in detail. The causative factors and severity of your veins will be analysed along with your duplex ultrasound report. After this clinical examination, your eligibility for the procedure and whether you really need it can then be explained to you.

Microfoam Sclerotherapy Procedure Explained

Foam sclerotherapy is a method for closing off varicose veins by injecting a chemical substance into them. It is performed by injecting a foam which is obtained by mixing a chemical detergent known as sodium tetradecyl sulphate or polidocanol with air. This process turns the liquid sclerosant into a foam. Then, using a small needle or intravenous catheters, the foam is injected directly into the visible varicose vein. This causes the vein walls to close off and shrivel up.
As many as 20 injections may be required. This causes very little pain. The effect of the chemical is to cause inflammation and ultimately shrinkage of the prominent veins.
Following this the treated veins are rather bluish and bruised. This reaction may take up to three or four months to settle down.
Often two to three sessions of treatment are needed to bring about adequate control of veins.

Is loss of this vein a problem? Where does the blood go when varicose veins are closed?
No. There are many veins in the leg and after treatment the blood in the faulty veins is diverted to other normal veins in order to make its way back to the heart.

How is the procedure performed?
This procedure is often done on a daycare basis. The doctors mark the veins with the patient in the standing position. Intravenous access to the varicose veins is attained by using IV cannulas. The sclerosant is foamed by a special technique and the foamed sclerosant is injected into the veins. The inner layer of the veins is destroyed by this sclerosing chemical. Post the treatment, a compression bandage is applied to the leg, with extra pressure to the injected areas.
What will I experience during the procedure?
A follow up ultrasound exam is necessary to assess the treated vein and to check if any adverse outcomes are there. Within one week, the targeted vein successfully gets closed. Additional sessions may be necessary after 1-2 months after to treat residual veins.
Complications/side effects of this procedure can include a brown line or pigmentation marks along the length of the vein or at injection points. This may fade over time, however, sometimes it never fades. Other side effects include disturbed vision, blood clots and an ulcer at the site of the injection. Most common side effect of the procedure is redness and hardness along the length of the vein. Generally this is often painful and usually occurs a few weeks after the procedure. Walking, painkillers and wearing compression stockings are the best treatment for this.
When will I begin to see improvement?
Please be patient for the final result of your treatment. Initially, the treated areas may appear worse because of redness, bruising, blistering, or local swelling. On average, a particular area may require 1-2 treatments before improvement is noticeable. Improvement may be seen as early as 1 week after the procedure to upto 4-6 weeks after the procedure.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can varicose veins burst?

Lots of patients ask Can varicose veins burst? Answer to this is yes if you keep your bulged, painful veins untreated. Then there are chances of bleeding these veins with little trauma or minimal injury. Due to excess pressure, bleeding can lead to burst veins.

What causes varicose veins in legs?

Let’s know what causes varicose veins in the legs. Heredity, Prolonged Standing, Gender, Aging, Pregnancy, Obesity can be factors that can cause varicose veins. Due to these reasons, veins in legs get bulged, if blood doesn't flow towards the heart and start pooling...

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